Tonsillitis is swelling of the tonsils usually act like filters to trap bacterial infection and viruses. Oval shaped masses of lymph gland tissue formed on both sides of the back of the throat. Briefly, tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsillitis is common condition and found in children, teenagers and young adults.
It is caused by a viral infection; such viruses cause the flu virus (influenza) or cold. In some cases it is caused by a bacterial infection typically strains of bacteria called group streptococcus bacteria. To avoid passing such infection on to others as these types of infections spread easily, so by staying away from public places like; school or nursery, work places, proper hand washes after the handshakes, coughing and sneezing into a tissue and disposing of the tissue properly, washing hands before eating and going to the washroom
A mild or severe sore throat is the initial indication of tonsillitis. Indications may include fever, chills, tiredness, muscle aches, earache, pain or discomfort when swallowing, and swollen glands in the neck. The tonsils may look swollen and red or white & yellow spots if you see into the mouth with torch light. This may usually last four to six day
There are many symptoms associated with swelling of tonsils due to excessive inflammation and swelling which are listed below:
- Unable to swallow and breath through mouth
- Swollen glands in the neck or jaw area.
- A white or yellow coating on the tonsils
- Ulcers or painful blisters on the throat
- Hoarseness or loss of voice
- Tenderness or the throat pain
- Reddishness or swelling on the tonsills
- Loss of appetite
- Fever, chills
- Bad breath
- Ear pain.
People who have chronic tonsillitis may start experiencing obstructive sleep apnea. This happens when the airway swells and prevents a person from sleeping well. It is also possible the infection will worsen and spread to other areas of the body.
This is known as tonsillar cellulitis. The infection may cause person to develop pus behind the tonsils, which is known as peritonsilar abscess. This may require the drainage and more surgery.
Cure for tonsillitis
There are a few well known home remedies which prove to be effective enough in curing It. They are as follows:.
- Home remedies
Beet: It is a rich source of calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, iodine, sulphur, manganese and copper. It is also rich in folic acid. Beet root rejuvenates the resistance of the body to fight toxicity. Therefore it is advisable for intake of beet juice which in turn counters the toxic agents that cause tonsillitis.
Carrot juice: Carrot is rich source of Vitamin A and has great anti toxicant properties which reduce toxins and carrot is very effective carminative. It is useful if tonsillitis is caused because of constipation.
Milk: Hot boiled milk mixed with little quantity of turmeric powder and pepper powder taken before sleep is most effective in arresting inflammation and alleviating tonsillitis pain.
Figs: When paste prepared by boiling figs in water and applies externally on the throat area, which provides relief from tonsillitis pain
Medical & Surgical Treatment of Tonsillitis :
- Paracetamol (acetaminophen) can be used for symptom relief.
- Some Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin should not be given to children since it can lead to Reye’s syndrome.
- Patients at home can also use local medications for the relief of their sore throat: These include topical lidocaine or other analgesic or mild antiseptic lozenges, oral sprays, gels, and mouthwashes, including warm salt water mouthwash.
The upper airway obstruction, difficult in eating and surgical removal of the tonsils, called tonsillectomy, is recommended only when the tonsil stones become enormously enlarged and causes havoc
Precaution Measures Taken During Tonsillitis:
Tonsillitis is highly contagious. To decrease the risk of getting swelling of tonsils, it is advised to stay away from people who have active infections. To avoid such infection, wash hands more often, especially after coming into the contact with a person who has a sore throat, coughing or sneezing.